Soil and Water Conservation

Posted by Midnyt Blaze on 12:45 with No comments

A water molecule containing one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds is denoted by H2O .

What is Water Conservation?

Water conservation is the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water from pollution and being wasted as a sustainable resource, to protect the water environment, and to survive all demands of current and future human beings, plants, and other species.

Unfortunately, in present world, not everyone has access to fresh, clean, and safe water. Besides, many are being attacked by various disease by the reason of drinking and using unsafe water. In fact, a small minority have access to safe drinking water.

Importance of Water and it’s Conservation

Water is an irreplaceable substance for all known forms of life. Most of the Earth's surface (about 71%) is covered by water. On Earth, a significant majority (96.5%) of the planet's water is found in seas and oceans while 1.7% is located in ground water, 1.7% in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies, and 0.001% in the air. It is estimated that a person cannot survive for more than 72 hours without water; most of fishes can not be alive more that 20 minute without water. On average, 65% weight of an adult human is water, there in, three quarters of the brains is water, 83% of blood is water,76% of muscle is water, even in our bone, include 22% water that is almost a quarter.

However, fresh, clean water is a limited resource. An insignificant amount of the Earth's water is fresh water that is 2.5%, and 98.8% of that water is in ice and ground water. Less than 0.3% of all fresh water is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth's freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. Though approximately three quarters of the Earth is covered by water, it is brine water that cannot be consumed by humans and other species without undergoing desalination. However, the fact is technology for desalination of sea or brain water is very expensive. In some areas of the world, access to water is limited due to contamination. People who have access to fresh water should take initial steps to limit their use of water to avoid waste.

Will we be in danger of running out of water?

The population is escalating dramatically over the world. Industries and offices to meet the needs of workplace, especially for economically inactive people, needs of food which means more agriculture etc. are increasing in companions with growing population. In this case, there are more people than ever who need not only water but clean drinking water. We can’t drink it until it meets requirements of some parameters. Additionally, farmers need to grow more food to feed more people. As a result, all we need is water. Besides, natural disasters such as droughts minimize access to clean and fresh water. In this circumstance accounts for the amount of water decreasing, and maximizing salt in the underground water tables cause turning regions into deserts.

For a single day, we can imagine no life on the earth without water, unlike many other things, cannot be produced in a factory.

However, we are not taking care of the water we have, and losing a lot. It’s time to take responsibilities to take initial steps to reduce water use and save as much water as possible, wherever we from. Otherwise, world may run out of safe water in the near future if wasting of fresh water does not concern us.

Water and Soil

Surely, not only human beings, plants and animals need water. The soil (the dirt that we grow food in) also needs water. Plants get their nourishment from the dirt they are planted in; if there is not enough water in the soil; the plants will die.

On the part of conservation, keeping the soil healthy plays a significant role, because soil which consists of insufficient nutrient can afford to provide us with enough crops to meet the demands of upcoming generation. Soil needs a defined amount of it, as too little or even too much water could make soil inappropriate for agriculture . The process of washing away from top part of the soil due to heavy rain is known as erosion that poses risk to alter the soil to desert. One of the ways to protect erosion is planting rows of trees between lands using to produce crops. Ways to save our soil that can be practiced at home:

 Planting a garden. Obviously, we should choose plants that naturally grow in and good for the soil.
 Use organic fertilizer instead of chemical fertilizer, and do not put too much fertilizer.
 Water right amount of water; not too much, not less. To ensure availability for future generations, the withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem should not exceed its natural replacement rate.

Ways to Conservation: Several important things that conservationists suggest to save water are as follows:

1. Reducing water waste
2. Protecting the clean water we have.
3. Come up with water management plants to minimize the amount of water we need to use on a daily basis. 4. Encouraging companies to make water efficiency devices that prevent wasting water .

Ways to practice at home:

 Don’t leave the water running when you wash your hands, brush your teeth or take a shower. Turn it off when you are not using it
 Taking short showers
 Using a bucket to wash your bike or your parent’s car instead of leaving the hose running
 Watering the garden in the early morning or the evening, instead of during the day
 Reuse gray water for flushing toilets or watering gardens
 Collecting rain water in a bucket. You can’t drink rain water but if the bucket is clean you can use it to fill an outdoor pool to play in in the summer. You can also use rainwater to water your yard or wash a car or bike.

Water-saving technology for the home includes: 

1. Low-flow shower heads sometimes called energy-efficient shower heads : Regular shower heads distribute around 5 to 8 gallons of water per minute while typically, a new low-flow shower head distributes 2.5 gallons of water per minute. Ultra low-flow shower heads only use from 0.8 to 1.5 gallons of water per minute.

2. Low-flush toilets and composting toilets: Nowadays, toilets using around 1.6 gallons of water per flush that flush a lot less water than regular toilets are being manufactured by some companies, and these have dramatic impact in water environment by helping to save a lot of water in the long run, as full-flush conventional toilets use around five or 3.5 gallons of water every time they are flushed. If the regular toilet cannot be replaced, one way to save water is to put a brick or a soda bottle full of water into the tank. The brick will displace water. Some models also have a dual flush option in what more water can be used only when necessary.

3. Dual flush toilets created by Caroma includes two buttons or handles to flush different levels of water. Dual flush toilets use up to 67% less water than conventional toilets

4. Faucet aerators, which break water flow into fine droplets to minimize splashing while washing hands and dishes and increases coverage area while using less water. Therefore it conserves water and improve the faucet performance. For a bathroom faucet, a 1.0 to 1.5 gallon-per-minute aerator will be sufficient for your hygiene needs. Kitchen faucets need a 2.2 to 2.5 gallon-per-minute aerator for dish washing needs. Tap water use can be reduced up to 50% simply by using low-flow faucet aerators. A faucet aerator usually costs $5 to $10 and requires minimal effort to install.

5. Low flow taps in wash basins Standard kitchen and bathroom faucets use between 4 and 7 gallons of water per minute, much of that water flows right down drain. If your existing faucet flows more than 3 gallons per minute, installing a low-flow faucet aerator is a good way to conserve water. You can measure the current faucet flow rate by placing an empty one gallon milk jug under the faucet, and time how many seconds it takes to fill the jug under normal water pressure. If it takes 20 seconds or less, you should use a faucet aerator. Faucet aerators replace the faucet head screens, lowering the flow by adding air to the water spray.

6. Automatic faucet In public bathrooms, it is noticed that the water faucets turn off by themselves. It takes place, because companies has been encouraged by conservationists to make water saving devices to save the amount of water we use for daily tasks. And automatic faucet is one of the most known water saving devices that eliminates water waste at the faucet. The use of faucets is automated by automatic faucet without the use of hands.

7. Rainwater harvesting

8. Garden hose nozzles that shut off water when it is not being used, instead of letting a hose run.

Other modern inventions that help to conserve water include waterless car washes, Weather-based irrigation controllers and High-efficiency clothes washers…