Process Heat Transfer Equipment and their Function

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Chiller Cools a fluid to a temperature below that obtainable if water only were used as a coolant. It uses a refrigerant such as ammonia or Freon.
Condenser Condenses a vapor or mixture of vapors, either alone or in the presence of a noncondensable gas.
Partial condenser Condenses vapors at a point high enough to provide a temperature difference sufficient to preheat a cold stream of process fluid. This saves heat and eliminates the need for providing a separate preheater (using flame or steam).
Final condenser Condenses the vapors to a final storage temperature of approximately 37.8°C (100°F). It uses water cooling, which means that the transferred heat is lost to the process.
Cooler Cools liquids or gasses by means of water.
Exchanger Performs a double function: (1) heats a cold fluid by (2) using a hot fluid which it cools. None of the transferred heat is lost.
Heater Imparts sensible heat to a liquid or a gas by means of condensing steam or Dowtherm.
Reboiler Connected to the bottom of a fractionating tower, it provides the reboil heat necessary for distillation. The heating medium may be either steam or a hot-process fluid.
Thermosiphon reboiler Natural circulation of the boiling medium is obtained by maintaining sufficient liquid head to provide for circulation.
Forced-circulation reboiler A pump is used to force liquid through the reboiler.
Steam generator Generates steam for use elsewhere in the plant by using the available high-level heat in tar or a heavy oil.
Superheater Heats a vapor above the saturation temperature.
Vaporizer A heater which vaporizes part of the liquid.
Waste-heat boiler Produces steam; similar to steam generator, except that the heating medium is a hot gas or liquid produced in a chemical reaction.